Issue 4/2023

OPERATION OF BUSINESS, INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

Integration processes in industry: theoretical and practical aspects
Arkhipov A. D., postgraduate student at the Institute of Economics and Entrepreneurship
Lobachevsky National Research Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod
Trofimov O. V., doctor of Economic sciences, acting rector
Lobachevsky National Research Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod

Abstract:
The reasons justifying the development of integration processes in industry are considered, including the need to ensure sustainable development. The statistical material on the largest transactions in the corporate control market of the Russian Federation for 2020 is presented. The paper considers the network form of integration, identifies and systematizes its features. In accordance with international documents the definitions and indicators used for comparative analysis of cluster management are presented. The factors of ensuring the competitiveness of clusters as a form of integration and the risks characteristic of their activities are considered.
Keywords: integration processes in industry, management of integration processes, cluster, network form of integration, cluster organization

Topical issues of ensuring economic security of industrial enterprises
Bogatyrev A. V., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Economics and economic security Department of the Educational and scientific complex for combating economic and tax crimes
Nizhny Novgorod Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Nizhny Novgorod
Bardakov A. A., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Finance, taxes and credit Department of the Educational and scientific complex for combating economic and tax crimes
Nizhny Novgorod Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Nizhny Novgorod
Bubnova O. Yu., associate professor at the Mathematics, informatics and information technologies Department
Nizhny Novgorod Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Nizhny Novgorod

Abstract:
The article considers the issues of planning and optimization of production costs from the position of ensuring economic security. On the basis of the study of positions of some scientists the conclusion about the importance of the level of production cost for ensuring the appropriate level of economic security indicators of enterprises of the industrial sector of the economy is formulated. Theoretical analysis is supplemented by statistical and analytical data of the industrial enterprise PJSC Ruspolymet.
Keywords: industrial production, cost price, cost structure, investments, modernization of production, economic security of the enterprise

Trends in the development of the industrial park sector in Russia
Babikov A. V., postgraduate student
Cheboksary Cooperative Institute (branch of the Russian University of Cooperation), Cheboksary

Abstract:
On the grounds of open source data, author analyzes the development of the industrial parks sector in Russia. He presents statistical and theoretical material on the examined topic. He also substantiates the need to improve the system of indicators for assessing the performance efficiency of not only managing companies of industrial parks, but also their residents.
Keywords: industrial parks, management company, industrial park resident, Association of Industrial Parks of Russia, greenfield and brownfield parks, performance evaluation of the industrial park management company

Modeling of business processes of enterprises using information technologies (based on the example of a telecommunication company)
Myasoedova T. K., SAP second line support engineer
JSA Group, Moscow
Mironov A. A., senior lecturer at the Information technologies in public administration Department
RTU MIREA, Moscow
Burlakov V. V., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Information technologies in public administration Department
RTU MIREA, Moscow

Abstract:
Currently, information technologies are increasingly used by the enterprises and companies in various fields of activity. Their introduction and subsequent use is a production necessity, as it allows for the solution of problems aimed at increasing the competitiveness and innovative development of enterprises in modern market conditions.
Telecommunications occupy an important place in the life of people and society today. One of the main trends in the development of telecommunication companies is the growing demand for information technologies that can provide solutions to the problems facing companies, among which business process modeling is of no small importance.
The article, using the example of a digital twin, presents the possibility of modeling business processes of telecommunication companies, which will reduce costs and ensure greater safety for employees.
Keywords: business process, modeling, information technology, digital twin


INNOVATIVE INVESTMENT ACTIVITY

Project approach to the placement and construction of urban parking lots as a factor in the development of the automotive industry
Vasilyeva A. D., мaster student at the Economics and tourism Institute
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir
Rodionova N. V., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing Department at the Economics and tourism Institute
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir

Abstract:
In modern organizations, project management is being actively introduced, which is the most promising and innovative method of achieving the goals set, contributing to the development of the company’s economy. In the construction industry, the design approach is considered natural. However, with the growing demand for various construction projects, not all construction projects are effective, for example, it is the construction of urban parking lots. In most Russian cities, their shortage is one of the most acute problems discussed by car owners themselves, at the legislative level, and by the researchers. Corporate efforts are searching for a comprehensive solution to the method of arrangement of parking spaces. The main obstacle is created by construction organizations in which a mechanistic management structure prevails, which is not adaptive to the functionality of project management. This structural discrepancy manifests itself in different approaches to the delegation of authority and the distribution of responsibility. Attempts to introduce project management into a management system of a construction company lead to significant loss of project effectiveness due to triple subordination and overload of employees participating in project teams. In authors’ study, the idea of integrating the management model of a construction company and the functionality of project management for the placement and construction of urban parking lots is suggested.
Keywords: motorization of citizens, the problem about parking lots, features of the construction project management, adaptive management models


MARKETING, SALES APPROACH

Features and necessity of conducting marketing research by enterprises in a competitive environment
Zhuravleva L. E., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor
Private educational institution of higher education «Moscow University named after S. Y. Witte», Moscow
Zvezdichev G. Yu., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professors
Autonomous non-profit organization of higher education «Moscow International University», Moscow
Levochkina T. A., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor
Non-state educational private institution of higher education «Moscow Institute of Psychoanalysis», Moscow

Abstract:
In modern conditions of fierce competition, enterprises have to modernize constantly their production and other technological processes, strive to improve the quality of services provided, as well as optimize management processes. That is why conducting marketing research plays a primary role in any business process. The purpose of the presented article is to show the role of marketing research in the implementation of marketing activities of an enterprise in a competitive environment. The article considers the importance of marketing research for the successful implementation of the marketing strategy of the enterprise.
Keywords: marketing research, survey, retail audit, mix method, focus group, interview


ENERGY SAVING AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Energy efficiency rising strategy for a high-tech enterprise. A case of the JSC «Technopolis Moscow»
Mishuchkov V. I., candidate of Technical sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Bulashov V. V., lead engineer – project manager
Technopolis Moscow JSC, Moscow
Belov S. I., candidate of Technical sciences, associate professor at Power supply and electric machines Department
National Research University Russian State Agrarian University, Moscow

Abstract:
On example of such a high-tech manufacturing company as the JSC «Technopolis Moscow», the issues of constant monitoring of energy efficiency indicators of energy resources used by the enterprise which apply modern digital technologies for dispatching and managing energy consumption in order to improve energy results and reduce payment for the energy resources received are considered.
The article highlights the changes in the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of energy saving, which show the need to develop and implement energy saving and energy efficiency programs at enterprises with state participation for continuous improvement of energy efficiency indicators.
The importance of implementing the energy management system as a part of the management system of the JSC «Technopolis Moscow» is noted.
Keywords: utility metering system, CRM, SCADA, energy efficiency, monitoring, management, energy management

Energy-efficient industrial enterprise in digital environment: evolution of an automated process control system and an operational model of a facility
Meshcheryakova T. S., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Management and innovations Department
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), Moscow

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the key issues of using an automated process control system (APCS) in the context of increasing the energy efficiency of an enterprise and taking into account the modern context of import substitution. The developed Russian platform solutions are based on open standards for interaction between automated process control systems devices running on their own code and in hardware and software. Also a debatable issue of digital transformation, which is reflected in the study, is the creation of an operational model of an industrial facility, which is at the intersection of the problems of automated process control systems, but has a pronounced difference from the latter, consisting in the complexity of technical development for Russian practice and its feasibility of using when integrated exclusively with project implementation phase (during the construction of a new industrial facility or significant modernization of an existing one).
Keywords: industrial enterprise, industrial facility, energy efficiency, digital transformation, automated process control system, operational model of a facility, sustainable development


ANALYTICAL RESEARCH

Corporate social responsibility in machine building: contemporary trends
Kostygova L. A., doctor of Economics, professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Shakin A. D., student of Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The article discusses the current trends in the development of corporate social responsibility on the example of machine-building enterprises. It is revealed that the main lead is the implementation of the ESG principles in combination with 17 Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations. In the social field, these are volunteering, support by companies of participants of the special military operation and their families, and work with young people. It is established that the companies of the machine-building industry significantly contribute to this process.
Keywords: modern trends of corporate social responsibility of machine-building companies, ESG principles, volunteering, support by companies of the participants of special military operation and their families, work with youth

Development of a strategy for enhancing Russia’s digital independence based on a devised tool for assessing its level within the context of economic sovereignty
Vartanian A. A., candidate of Physical and Mathematical sciences, doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (national research university), Moscow
Shchetinina A. R., master of the «World economy» direction
National research university «Higher School of Economics», Moscow

Abstract:
This scientific article is devoted to the development of a strategy for achieving Russia’s digital independence in the current conditions of universal digital transformation of domestic enterprises, relying on the tool created by the authors to assess the level of digital sovereignty in the context of economic sovereignty. The aim of the study is to develop practical recommendations to ensure sustainable development of the country’s digital economy taking into account its sovereign interests, globalization and informatization of all spheres of society in the context of political and economic risks.
In conditions of the accelerated development of the information technologies and large-scale digitalization of society, the strategy of the authorities of developed countries to ensure the digital independence of the economy becomes a key factor of sustainable development and ensuring of national security of a state.
The article contains a decomposed analysis of the state of Russia, presented in the matrix of digital independence, which is the basis for a developed pyramid of the formation of digital sovereignty of the country on the basis of multiple indicators affecting the development of its digital infrastructure. In particular, the country’s technological potential, the level of cyber security, the scale of scientific research and the presence of innovative projects are analyzed. Multiple indicators of sovereignty assessment allow to identify more accurately the strengths and weaknesses of the state in the digital sphere and create a strategy for its development, taking into account possible risks.
The study identifies the most vulnerable areas of digital independence related to the limited capacity of national digital resources, lack of qualified personnel, insufficient cybersecurity and high dependence on foreign technologies and platforms. A new tool for assessing and visualizing a level of a country’s digital independence in the context of its economic sovereignty has been developed, and on its basis factors contributing to the strengthening of digital independence have been identified including the development of national technological competencies, stimulating innovation and strengthening the legal framework in the digital sphere.
Based on the results of the study, a systematic approach to the development of digital independence is suggested, including the design of a balanced national infrastructure, the formation of an IT human resources environment, support for existing domestic technology companies and IT startups, and the selection of strategic research in the field of information technology. The suggested strategy will strengthen Russia’s economic and political sovereignty in the rapidly changing global digital environment.
The strategy to ensure Russia’s digital independence in the context of increased competition and global geopolitical challenges is becoming a key factor for sustainable economic development, the country’s security, and strengthening its position in the global market. The results obtained can be used in the development of specific steps to strengthen sovereignty in the digital sphere including the stimulation of national innovation, training of qualified personnel in the field of IT, support for domestic technology companies and the creation of an ecosystem favorable for digital development.
Keywords: digital sovereignty assessment tool, digital independence matrix, technological transformations, digital sovereignty strata, technological sovereignty development strategy, pyramid of the country’s digital sovereignty development

Issue 3/2023

OPERATION OF BUSINESS, INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

The current state and development prospects of the Russian aircraft industry
Zemlyanskaya N. B., candidate of Economic sciences, assistant professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Kazakova N. V., candidate of Economic sciences, assistant professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
This article analyses the modern Russian aircraft market in the context of import substitution. In particular, the significance of UAC creation and the role of state support are considered, key indicators of the aircraft industry are given. In addition, the article summarizes the impact of the pandemic on the aircraft industry performance, and reviews problems that the Russian aviation industry faces due to the sanctions pressure and the prospects for the development of the given industry.
Keywords: United Aircraft Corporation (UAC), Sukhoi Superjet 100, SWOT analysis, state support, import substitution, anti-sanctions measures

Economics and management in digital engineering
Denisov I. A., bachelor
Bashkir Institute of Technology and Management (branch) of the FGBOU VO “Moscow State University of Technology and Management named after K. G. Razumovsky (First Cossack University)”, Republic of Bashkortostan, Meleuz
Solovyeva Y. A., candidate of Technical sciences, associate professor at the Food technology and industrial engineering Department
Bashkir Institute of Technology and Management (branch) of the FGBOU VO “Moscow State University of Technology and Management named after K. G. Razumovsky (First Cossack University)”, Republic of Bashkortostan, Meleuz

Abstract:
A new stage of development in mechanical engineering is its digitalization. Digitalization in Russia is developing in accordance with the adopted federal acts, audits of the digital level of the machine-building profile as the most common form of production are being carried out. This trend is currently being analyzed in a multi-vector way. Taking into account digitalization, many studies of manufacturing enterprises are conducted, extensively covering all aspects of their activities. This is done to form transformation plans based on the need to pull up the weakest links of the production system to the required level of automation, which is statistically true, but when carefully considered, it is often mistakenly. Another way is suggested on the basis of digital doubles and digital approaches, most of which are far from factory practical tasks.
Keywords: digitalization of production, mechanical engineering, digital production, digital transformation, economy, projects, effectiveness

The main aspects of digitalization management at machine building enterprises
Stupin R. S., postgraduate student1, project head2
1 – National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow
2 – JSC Central Research Institute for Machine Building, Korolev, Moscow region

Abstract:
The article discusses the main aspects, trends and approaches to digitalization of enterprises in the machine-building industry. The main initiatives of public administration in the field of digitalization of industrial enterprises are considered. As a predictive condition for the effective digitalization of the main, managerial and supporting processes at industrial enterprises measures are considered to assess the digital maturity and readiness of production for the introduction of digital technologies. The main approaches and methods of assessing the digital maturity of production units are considered; the basic indicators for testing the digital maturity of production processes are suggested. Based on the studied classifications, a forecast of the development of industrial enterprises in terms of the introduction of digital technologies in a strategic perspective is given.
Keywords: digitalization of industry, digital transformation, end-to-end digital technologies, data-centric management, data-centric government, digital transformation of public administration

Corporate social responsibility and sustainable development in machine engineering: reporting, assessment of activities

Kostygova L. A., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The concepts of corporate social responsibility and sustainable development have become widespread both abroad and among Russian companies. The implementation of this approach by machine-building enterprises increases the level of responsibility and openness of the processing complex. As a result of the conducted research, reporting was studied, methods and results of evaluating the activities of enterprises of the machine-building complex were considered, directions for improving their activities in this area are suggested.
Keywords: corporate social responsibility (CSR); sustainable development of companies in the processing, raw materials, sectors and services; implementation of the UN Sustainable Development Goals; indices and ratings of CSR and sustainable development of engineering companies


MARKETING, SALES APPROACH

Marketing analysis of the industrial products market: types, stages, methods
Silakova V. V., doctor of Economic sciences, professor of the Business management and service technologies Department at the International Institute of Management and Business
BIOTECH University, Moscow
Pavlovsky A. S., postgraduate student of the Business management and service technologies Department at the International Institute of Management and Business
BIOTECH University, Moscow

Abstract:
The article considers and analyses the role of marketing analysis in the market of engineering products. The aspects that need to be considered when analysing the market of engineering products are determined, namely: types, stages and methods. A graph of the dynamics of production by types of economic activity is shown. A comparative characteristic of the machine-building market and the market of consumer goods is carried out, the main types of the industrial market and its features are named. The stages of marketing analysis are clearly presented in the form of a diagram, each of them is considered in detail: defining the goals and objectives of the study, collecting and analysing data, interpreting the results, formulating conclusions and recommendations, and implementing recommendations. The main directions of marketing analysis (operational analysis and strategic analysis) that can help enterprises to obtain reliable and up-to-date information about the market and its competitors are identified. The statistical, heuristic, mathematical, matrix, hybrid methods of marketing analysis used in practice and methods for modelling risks and processes are studied.
Keywords: marketing analysis, marketing research, engineering products market, stages and methods of marketing analysis, types of engineering market


ENERGY SAVING AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Systematic approach to power saving at industrial enterprises by means of software and hardware appliance
Meshcheryakova T. S., candidate of Economic sciences, assistant professor at the Management and innovations Department
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering (MGSU), Moscow

Abstract:
The article is devoted to identifying the basic aspects of implementing a systematic approach to energy saving at enterprises, ensuring the realization of the potential for increasing their energy efficiency. Modern possibilities for using information systems can provide an integrated approach to the sustainable development of enterprise energy systems. The article provides a substantive description of examples of the implementation of the systematic approach to energy saving at an enterprise based on specialized software and hardware systems used in the subject area of the study, namely: an automated system for commercial accounting of energy resources and a dispatch control and management system. The architecture of these complexes is considered, their attributive and functional features are highlighted, which contribute to the effective management of energy systems of an industrial enterprise.

Keywords: energy saving, industrial enterprise, system approach, digital technologies, digital transformation, automation


EDUCATION AND PERSONNEL TRAINING

Analyzing dynamics of social activities in self-assessment of economic literacy
Golov R. S., doctor of Economic sciences, head of the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
This analytical study is devoted to the analysis of the dynamics of the wider society participation in the assessment of own economic literacy and competence, conducted within the framework of the annual All-Russian educational action «All-Russian economic dictation». The article substantiates the relevance of improving economic literacy in terms of increasing the level of personal well-being of citizens. The dynamics of the quantitative growth of the audience of the All-Russian economic dictation, as well as the expansion of its Russian and international geography for the period from 2017 to 2022 are investigated. Author analyzes the dynamics of changes in the number of regional platforms, as well as practical aspects of the development of the tasks for the economic dictation in 2022.
Keywords: economic literacy, economic competence, educational action, All-Russian economic dictation, respondent, sociological criteria


ANALYTICAL RESEARCH

The influence of economic indicators on consumer behavior in the implementation of national projects
Vasiliev A. Yu., postgraduate student at the Economics and Business Faculty
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow

Abstract:
The article considers the economic indicators influencing the behavior of consumers in the context of the implementation of national projects. The issues of the development of the world economy affect social movements or scientific trends related to the problem of economic growth. The implementation of national projects directly relates to the assessment of economic indicators and should be carried out taking into account the national development goals of the country. Economic indicators determine the responsible consumption of individual groups of the population.
Keywords: demographic situation, national projects, environment, responsible consumption, consumer behavior, economic indicators, economic growth

Conceptual framework for assessing the digital maturity of high-tech industrial enterprises in the context of the fourth industrial revolution
Dorokhov V. V., postgraduate student of the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
: The paper contains the results of the author’s research in the field of assessing the digital maturity of high-tech industrial enterprises. The importance of digital maturity assessment as one of the preparatory measures preceding the digital transformation of an enterprise is substantiated. The structure of a matrix for assessing the digital maturity of an enterprise is developed. The use of this matrix involves the assessment of the level of digital maturity of the main functional areas of the enterprise’s activities in five areas of digitalization. As part of the practical implementation of the assessment procedure, the author suggests using a method of expert evaluations. The main stages of experts’ work in carrying out the digital maturity assessment procedure are considered.
Keywords: fourth industrial revolution, industry 4.0, digital transformation, high-tech enterprise, digital maturity, digital maturity assessment, matrix, expert evaluations

Issue 2/2023

OPERATION OF BUSINESS, INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

Industry 5.0: digital evolution of Russian cable plants and transition to cognitive patterns of manufacturing
Sivayev Y. A., the applicant at the Economics of enterprises Department Ural State University of Economics, Yekaterinburg

Abstract:
During last several years, Russian and foreign scientists pay a lot of attention to the further development of Six Wave of Innovation and transition to a fundamentally new socio-economic stage, called Industry 5.0. The key technological aspects of Industry 5.0 are the following: 1) human-centric approach and further evolution of data technologies of Industry 4.0 stage; 2) integration of human and machine intelligences to create collective intelligence. The cultural, socio-economic and political systems of human community will be irreversible changed wile establishing Industry 5.0.

The cable industry is like chain that links fields of raw materials suppliers and high-technological fields of cable users like as machine building, car industry, building constructing, mining field, military industry and IT. The cable industry is on the way of data transformation, as it is also discussed in state strategy. The technologies of manufacturing execution systems (MES) and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) are already widely used in Russian cable industry.

At the present article, author estimates the ability of cable companies to further development of Industry 4.0 data technologies and upcoming transition to cognitive Industry 5.0 production. He also proves the necessity of creation the holistic methods for assessing economic efficiency of data transformation initiatives and comprehension of the machine intelligence as the stakeholder for such methods.

Keywords: Industry 5.0, six wave of innovation, human-centric approach, cognitive production system, digital transformation, machine intelligence, collective intelligence, stakeholder, cognitive framework of production, methodology of effect estimation

Prospects of lean manufacturing in mechanical engineering
Korovina A. A., research assistant Orenburg Branch of the Institute of Economics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Orenburg

Abstract:
The paper considers the problem of lean manufacturing in the machine-building industry in Russia and abroad. Mechanical engineering has little experience in the application of lean manufacturing, but it seems to be cost-effective. Now the introduction of resource-saving technologies at machine-building enterprises, including lean manufacturing, is relevant. The purpose of the article is to develop recommendations for promising directions for the development of lean manufacturing in mechanical engineering. The current state of the machine-building sector of the economy in the world and in the Russian Federation has been studied. The importance of theoretical and fundamental issues of lean production in the works of domestic and foreign scientists is noted. The distinctive features and goals taken into account when introducing the concept of lean manufacturing in mechanical engineering are highlighted. Lean manufacturing tools and methods actively used in the machine-building industry are presented. The article also tells about the experience of implementing lean manufacturing at the machine-building enterprise of Orenburg – JSC «Drilling Equipment Plant», engaged in the development of drilling equipment and tools. In order to develop lean manufacturing in this industry, it was proposed to apply the concept of “6 sigma”, which allows effectively and at low cost to ensure the competition of machine-building enterprises in Russia. Considerable attention is paid to the implementation of strategic management, which enables enterprises to adapt to changes in the external environment in a timely manner and achieve sustainable competitive advantages. The use of the latest resource-saving strategies is of practical importance, they will allow enterprises to achieve sustainable competitive advantages for long-term survival and achievement of their goals.
Keywords: lean manufacturing concept, mechanical engineering, lean manufacturing tools, Lean six sigma concept


INNOVATIVE INVESTMENT ACTIVITY

Conceptual principles for digital transformation of high-tech enterprises against Industry 4.0
Goncharov A. S., postgraduate student at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The study is devoted to formation of the conceptual foundations of the digital transformation of modern high-tech industrial enterprises. The study identifies the main stages of popularization of the concept of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0), analyzes the relationship of related technologies with the technological solutions of Industry 3.0. Key technologies of digital transformation of a high-tech enterprise are analyzed in detail, namely: cyber-physical systems, industrial internet of things, artificial intelligence, collaborative industrial robots, augmented reality technology.
Keywords: high-tech enterprise, Fourth Industrial Revolution, Industry 4.0, digital transformation, cyber-physical system, industrial internet of things, artificial intelligence, collaborative industrial robots, augmented reality technology

Concept and essence of collaborative industrial robots in situation of 4th industrial revolution
Sertakov O. O., postgraduate student at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
This study is devoted to defining the concept and essence of collaborative industrial robots, the implementation of which represents one of the key trends in the development of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The study identifies the main technological trends of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, as one of which the collaborative industrial robots are investigated. The definition of the term “collaborative industrial robot” is developed. The analysis of already existing studies in this area is carried out.
Keywords: Industry 4.0, digital transformation of production, digital technology, artificial intelligence, production automation, collaborative industrial robot


ENERGY SAVING AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Challenges and barriers of the upcoming Energy Transition 4.0
Aleshinskiy Y.V., student Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Pushkareva M. B., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Teplyshev V. Yu., NP “ESMO”

Abstract:
The relevance of this work is determined by the global transformation in the field of energy. This can be seen from the statistics of energy generation from renewable energy sources (RES): over the past 3 years the share of RES was about 30%. The article provides an overview of the upcoming Energy transition 4.0. The current tasks the energy industry and their possible solutions are presented.
Keywords: energy transition, economics, renewable energy, politics, technology


EDUCATION AND PERSONNEL TRAINING

Quality training of engineers for the Russian economy as a part of import substitution
Vartanyan A. A., doctor of Economic sciences, professor the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Golov R. S., doctor of Economic sciences, head of the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
Quality training of engineers as a part of import substitution is necessary for the rise of science and education, the development of high-tech enterprises of the domestic economy, as well as for their adaptation to work on the production of new machines and equipment during the West sanctions period. Individual-targeted training based on the modern material and technical base of technical universities and their partners can fully cover the needs of customers in specialists with all the necessary professional competencies for a particular workplace, including universities – the need for researchers and teachers who have received consistent education within getting specialist degree, postgraduate and doctoral studies.

It should be noted that the competencies of bachelors and masters, including those selected from bachelors who graduated from various non-core educational institutions with different specialization, do not always match for successful work at high-tech enterprises and technical universities as research and teaching staff, developers of new products, technologies and solutions. Fundamental knowledge, practical skills and sufficient funding of universities determine the quality of work of engineers, researchers and teachers.

Thus, in addition to bachelors and masters, the Russian economy needs highly qualified specialists – engineers who have received as a part of specialist degree fundamental knowledge from natural sciences, allowing them to develop complex technological projects, new products and solutions.

Individually-targeted, object-oriented and project-team methods of training in specialty programs, integration of universities and industrial enterprises on the basis of professional and educational standards for obtaining additional knowledge, increasing the motivation of students, internships with potential customers, writing final qualifying papers on their topics and under the scientific guidance of both the university and the enterprise become a guarantee of quality training for enterprises of the domestic economy and higher education.

Keywords: human, material and technical capacity of an enterprise, specialist degree, competencies, information and management technologies, individually-targeted training, added value of a graduate, portal-platform for training and distribution of the staff

Scientific and methodological support of work in the context of digital transformation
Zubeeva E. V., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Volokhova S. V., candidate of Pedagogical sciences, associate professor at the Physical education Department Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Lavrova L. A., senior lecturer at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
This article reveals the importance of clarifying the vectors of university development in the context of digital transformation and in relation to scientific and methodological support of work in this area. In particular, recommendations for scientific and methodological support are suggested, and possible priority projects for the Moscow Aviation Institute are listed. Among them are the expansion of the labor market, the mobile education programs, and the image strengthening. It is noted that the implementation of these projects is a big step towards the formation of an educational cluster.
Keywords: scientific and methodological support, labor market, mobile education, image, social competitiveness


FOREIGN EXPERIENCE

The impact of labor training on the mechanical engineering development: the experiences in the USA, Japan and Germany
Gusev N.O., master student at the Economics and tourism Institute Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir
Rodionova N.V., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing Department at the Economics and tourism Institute Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir

Abstract:
The article highlights the current state of mechanical engineering in the USA, Japan and Germany in connection with solution of the staffing problem. The general characteristics of labor training systems in these countries are given, and the experience for Russian engineering companies is recommended.
Keywords: international sanctions, mechanical engineering, labor training system; organizational, economic and financial mechanisms; motivation for employee development

Managing problems in the implementation of the Chinese initiative “One belt and One road” related to Russia’s participation
Jun Zhou, postgraduate student at the Economics and tourism Institute Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir
Rodionova N. V., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing Department at the Economics and tourism Institute Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir

Abstract:
The Chinese Initiative “One belt and One road” is considered in the context of justifying Russia’s participation in it from the point of view of forecasts about the expected economic and social effects from this Initiative implementation, as well as its significance for the sustainable development of all countries. The ideological mission of the Initiative is considered as an argument “pros”, which not only tries to reproduce the stage of peaceful communication between various civilizations, Asia and Europe, on the symbolic ancient Silk Road, but also to unite other regions in this cooperation, such as Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, opening up opportunities for joint creation to all peoples through participation in a variety of projects, contributing to the transformation of the imposed model of global governance, based on the hegemony and consumerism ideology, into a joint peaceful creation model of our common Home called Earth. But the Initiative implementation does not go smoothly and is often accompanied by various risks. Management problems that create the greatest risks for Russia’s participation in the Chinese Initiative are identified and systematized with the help of PEST analysis. Recommendations for their solution are suggested. The needs to launch a series of pilot Russian-Chinese corporate social responsibility pro-jects within the framework of the Initiative, and to create a system for diagnosing risks at an early stage of their occurrence and a bank of measures to prevent, reduce and overcome them is justified.
Keywords: One belt and One Road, effect forecasts, implementation results, prospects, Russian participation, management problems, PEST analysis, risk


ANALYTICAL RESEARCH

Approaches to improving the classification of civil UAVs
Khursevich S. N., candidate of Economic sciences, general director (2017–2019) Joint stock company «Scientific and research institute of parachute design and production» (JSC «NII parachutostroyeniya»), Moscow
Shnyrev A. G., candidate of Economic sciences, deputy head (2018–2021) Federal Service for Supervision of Transport (Rostransnadzor), Moscow

Abstract:
In the domestic state regulation of the development, production, and operation of civil UAVs, point borrowings from foreign regulations are combined with unsystematic domestic innovations. This is exacerbated by a practice that eclectically combines the traditions of the Soviet aviation industry and aircraft modeling. In the context of the expressed need of society to increase the fleet of nmanned aerial vehicles and rise the intensity of their operation, the imperfection of regulation reduces the dynamics of development and investment attractiveness of UAV production in the Russian Federation and creates conditions for the criminalization of the industry. To correct the situation, it is necessary toprovide a systematic approach to regulation, which allows creating conditions for the advanced development of the industry and ensuring acceptable flight safety risks for society.
Keywords: unmanned aerial vehicle, classification, state regulation, flight safety

Contribution of balance to contemporary ecosystem (Part 1)
Smirnov V. G., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The article is devoted to one of the understudied and underestimated by society concepts of balance, which accompanies us at every step. The air we breathe, the satisfaction of the first needs, the balance of the 1st kind in nature, the concept of beauty, etc. – all this is a manifestation of balance.
Keywords: balance of interests, balance of principles of coordination, balance of factors of production, balance of parameters, balance of spheres of activity, proportionality, symmetry, harmonization, homeostasis in nature, accounting balance, fuel and energy balance, environmental balance

Issue 1/2023

OPERATION OF BUSINESS, INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

Modern trends in the design of high-tech aviation products
Mezina N. A., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Nazarova E. E., master student at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The article provides a rationale for ways to improve the reliability of technical systems of special facilities,
and suggests ways to modernize technical systems that are in operation.
Keywords: electronic product layout, aircraft engineering design, experimental design, labor organization

Improving production management methods in a competitive environment
Tikhonov G. V., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Economic theory and applied economics Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Solodova A. D., senior lecturer at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
Currently, due to the processes of automation in the economy and changes in market conditions, there is a need to improve approaches and methods of production management. Russian enterprises face the emerging conditions of competition.
The relevance of the article is substantiated by the fact that today the issues of managing the competitive ability of the enterprise have not been sufficiently considered and require improving the approach to the formation of new mechanisms for managing the competitive ability of industrial enterprises, contributing to the acquisition of a stable position in the market by the enterprise, based on the development of new methods and principles.
The improvement of management methods consists in the concepts of developing an approach to managing the production of industrial enterprises in a competitive environment, based on the suggestion of a management model based on diagnostics and forecasting of the enterprise state and its ability to compete.
Keywords: competition, modernization, conceptual foundations, business diagnostics, institutional traps, management model, innovation potential, industrial enterprises, competitor firm


INNOVATIVE INVESTMENT ACTIVITY

Study of factors influencing the effectiveness of investment projects in the aircraft industry in the context of import substitution
Gureeva Y. G., candidate of Economic sciences, assistant professor at the Economics and management of industrial production Department
Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm
Grigora V. V., economist at the Economic analysis and innovative development Department2, master student at the Economics and management of industrial production Department1
1 Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Perm
2 JSC UEC-Aviadvigatel, Perm

Abstract:
This article discusses the main problems of the development of the aircraft industry in the context of restrictions on the import of foreign products, technologies, equipment, components, software products in the Russian Federation. At the same time, these problems related to import substitution stimulate more and more to develop domestic production, open new jobs, develop and modernize production with the help of new IT technologies. This policy is actively supported by government programs. In order to make rational short-term and long-term management decisions related to the high-tech enterprises of the aviation industry, the article suggests a mechanism for analyzing a multifactor regression model, during which the most significant factors are identified that allow improving the effectiveness of investment projects to organize the serial launch of a new aircraft manufacturing enterprise and, in general, to improve the efficiency of enterprises.
Keywords: aircraft construction, import substitution, algorithm, financial and economic model, factor analysis, multivariate regression model


MARKETING, SALES APPROACH

Trends of internet-marketing evolution at B2B enterprises in emphatic ecosystem
Bulantseva L. V., senior lecturer at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the trends in the development of Internet marketing of B2B companies in the foreseeable future in the context of a difficult economic situation caused by sanctions imposed by European countries and the United States. The previous algorithms and tools of traditional marketing are not always effective in the conditions of limited business diversification, which entailed the need to concentrate efforts on work in the domestic market and in a limited number of markets of friendly countries, therefore, today it is required to use digital marketing tools as the most rapidly developing and effective direction of traditional marketing. To adapt to the new reality, the figures of the B2B market will be helped by the trends in the development of Internet marketing described in the article, the choice of which enterprises should treat meaningfully and take into account the capabilities of a particular enterprise, business features, the target audience of the brand involved in online communications and other factors of the business landscape.
Keywords: business-to-business model (B2B), features of business and marketing of B2B companies, marketing, Internet marketing, content marketing, internet marketing trends of B2B sphere, beetoceelization


ENERGY SAVING AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Energy trilemma index data transformation in the energy crisis conditions
Pushkareva M. B., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Pushkarev M. D., master student at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Koshelev A. А., student
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The article presents the energy trilemma index data, and analyzes the main trends in the development of energy market leaders in the context of the global energy crisis. Russia, Sweden, the USA and China are selected as the research objects.
Keywords: energy trilemma, energy crisis, energy safety, energy trilemma index


EDUCATION AND PERSONNEL TRAINING

Analysis of key indicators of economic literacy in Russia
Golov R. S., doctor of Economic sciences, head of the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The aim of the author’s research is a comprehensive analysis of indicators, reflecting the level of economic literacy of the population of Russia, obtained by the results of the All-Russian educational action “All-Russian economic dictation – 2022”. The results of the study include the analysis of economic literacy in the regional context, as well as within individual categories of participants. The study provides the most complete picture of the current level of economic competence of broad layers of society, including its detailed assessment by such criteria as gender distribution of the audience of Economic Dictation, the age of its participants, their level of education and other criteria.
Keywords: All-Russian Economic Dictation, economic literacy of the population, economic competence, evaluation criteria, respondent, sociological criteria

Future of Russian machine building: the possible help of labor training.
Gusev N. O., master student at the Economics and management Institute
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir
Rodionova N. V., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing Department at the Economics and management Institute
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir

Abstract:
The role of mechanical engineering in the Russian economy is characterized, its current state in the conditions of sanctions pressure is assessed and development prospects are outlined. The shortage of qualified personnel is the main factor constraining this development. To overcome it, authors suggest reviving in the industries the labor training system in the patriotic education context. The vision of how labor training can help Russian mechanical engineering is presented. It is recommended to draw the methodological support of this system from the lessons of the past, in particular from the labor pedagogy by A. K. Gastev, adapting the teachings to modern realities. The labor motivation subsystem is suggested in the labor training system to restrain the outflow of qualified workers abroad. The urgent need in the development of cultural and scientific work of the workers social stratum in Russian society is substantiated, which will contribute to cohesion of the society and its purification from consumerism.
Keywords: foreign sanctions, civil and military engineering, development prospects, personnel shortage, A. K. Gastev, labor training, labor culture, patriotic education, labor motivation


ANALYTICAL RESEARCH

Strategy embracing advancement of space communications as an ecosystem in situation of Industry 4.0
Komarova N. V., candidate of Technical sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The article shows the relevance of the work on the development of a strategy for the progress of space communications as an ecosystem in the context of industry 4.0, shows the logical structure of the study. The general, business, and functional strategies are presented. The overall strategy is chosen based on the mission of the organization. A typical cost reduction leadership strategy is used as a business competitive strategy. To implement this strategy, an analysis of the internal potential of the company was carried out. Problems have been identified in marketing, finance, and management, as well as in such functions as coordination, planning and control. Strategic activities to solve these problems are presented. The effectiveness of organizational transformations is shown by reducing the impact of the most significant threats. The directions in the company’s activities for the formation of a new range of services have been determined. These services include: M2M (Machine-to-Machine), IoT (Internet of things) and broadband (broadband access) for aircraft. A large growth potential has been identified for these services. The business strategy, updated with the ESG principles of ecosystem development, is considered. The strategy of combating space debris is presented. The concept of space debris has been clarified, as well as dangers, that it poses to the organization of satellite communications. Passive methods of removal of space debris are analyzed and the optimal method is selected. The effectiveness of the proposed strategy has been proven with the help of such forecast indicators as increase of the competitiveness of the company and rise of a market share.
Keywords: industry 4.0, satellite communications, strategy, ecosystem, space debris

Prospects for the development of glass production taking into account the capabilities of the machine-building complex of the Russian Federation
Biryukov M. V., student at the Social sciences and mass media Faculty
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow

Kostakov G. S., student at the Social sciences and mass media Faculty
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow
Elkanov R. A., student at the Social sciences and mass media Faculty
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow

Kharitonova N. A., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Sectoral markets Department
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow

Abstract:
The article analyzes the state and prospects for the development of glass and glass products in the Russian Federation and the possibility of cooperation between the industry and the machine-building complex of Russia, which is not only able to provide import substitution of modern technological equipment for the glass industry, but also to increase the consumption of special-purpose glass by companies producing railway and light rail transport, metro, public passenger transport, as well as specialized equipment (mining, road, construction and other types of engineering products).
The relevance of the research lies in the need to get out of the systemic crisis in which the branches of the construction industry of mechanical engineering found themselves due to the complication of the geopolitical situation and the need to ensure Russia’s technological sovereignty in the near future.
As part of the study, the structure of the Russian glass market was presented, and the possibilities of Russian machine builders who will have to replace Western companies that have left the Russian market were noted. The article pays attention to the problem of organizing waste-free production at enterprises of the glass industry: within the framework of the ESG concept adopted by the Russian Federation for the future until 2050.
The main directions of state support for the construction industry within the framework of the national strategy for the development of housing and civil construction in the near future are presented.

Keywords: glass industry, flat glass, instruments of state support (subsidies, preferential lending), machine-building complex, recycling of glass and glass products

Issue 5/2022

OPERATION OF BUSINESS, INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

Economics of increasing the reliability of technical systems to ensure the safe functioning of special facilities
Yerofeyev M. N., doctor of Technical sciences, deputy director on scientific activities
Mechanical Engineering Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow
Smirnov V. G., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Spiryagin V. V., candidate of Technical sciences, lecturer at the Strategic missile forces Department in Military training center, associate professor at the Physical chemistry Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Yegorova S. V., economist
Mechanical Engineering Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow

Abstract:
The article provides a rationale for ways to improve the reliability of technical systems of special facilities, and suggests ways to modernize technical systems that are in operation.
Keywords: technical systems, reliability, damage, income, risks

Analysis of the requirements for the implementation of development work on the creation of hardware and software systems for defense purposes
Sudakov V. A., doctor of Technical sciences, leading research associate
Keldysh Institute of Applied Mathematics of Russian Academy of Sciences (KIAM RAS), Moscow
Ulanov D. V., senior lecturer at the Department of Military missions administration of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: The high intensity of modern armed conflicts, the active use of high-precision weapons, unmanned aerial vehicles, the use of artificial intelligence systems to solve military tasks require the budget allocations for the creation of promising models of weapons and military equipment capable of leveling the offensive potential of a likely enemy. The specifics of R&D on the creation of weapons and military equipment, dictated by the requirements of regulatory legal acts and documents on the standardization of defense products, imposes a number of increased requirements on the potential performer of the work. The head of an economic entity, considering the participation of an organization in a competitive procedure to determine the contractor of R&D for military purposes, makes a decision by analyzing the resources at his disposal and the restrictions imposed by the peculiarities of the implementation of the state defense order. The authors of the article propose criteria and methods of their calculation for the effective implementation of R&D for the creation of a hardware and software complex for defense purposes, formulate limitations and ways to determine them. For calculation of criteria, a modification of the PERT model is given and algorithms for analyzing the relevance of texts based on cosine similarity are applied. This information can be used to create a model of a problem-oriented decision support system in preparation for the implementation of R&D on the state defense order.

Keywords: controlling, operational controlling, process evaluation, controlling tools, prioritization

The impact of technological changes on human capital management in the organization
Gubanova S. E., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: The article correlates the theory of human capital with the theory of technological structures, describes the features of the impact of technological changes on ensuring the reproduction of human resources, justifies the expediency of shifting the focus from human capital management to human potential development. The components of complex personality development are highlighted, which can become an integral part of the creative development of the organization in the conditions of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Keywords: industry, management, criteria, restrictions, state defense order, military equipment

Managing social development of the staff of an industrial enterprise: experience of LLC Beko
Levizov A. S., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing Department
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir
Oleshchenko S. I., student
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir

Abstract: The influence of social development on company’s activity is studied. Social development management is important for average mechanical engineering industrial companies, as various social programs, payments allow not only to attract new employees, but also to keep the competent and talented ones. It allows the staff to increase labor productivity and social activity, to rationalize own activity. The given influence is exemplified by a case of the LLC Beko. Various social programs, payments and their influence to company’s and employees’ life are analyzed.

Keywords: social development, industrial enterprise, personnel, motivation, social infrastructure, personnel management


INNOVATIVE INVESTMENT ACTIVITY

Design and technological innovations as a tool for advanced development of an industrial enterprise
Vrublevskiy I. A., postgraduate student at the Economics and management Institute
Vladimir State University named after A. G. and N. G. Stoletovs, Vladimir
Zakjarov P. N., doctor of Economic sciences, director of the Economics and management Institute
Vladimir State University named after A. G. and N. G. Stoletovs, Vladimir

Abstract: The article reveals modern approaches to the innovative development of an industrial enterprise through the formation of design and technological innovations that provide a competitive advantage in the market. The approaches and principles of product lifecycle management in Russia and abroad are evaluated.

Keywords: design innovations, technological innovations, product life cycle, product commissioning


ENERGY SAVING AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Innovative method for smart monitoring of electricity consumption in buildings using techniques of load disaggregating
Mishuchkov V.I., candidate of Technical sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Koshelev A. S., student
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The article analyzes current trends in the development of intelligent electricity monitoring to collect data on energy consumption for management in order to plan and improve energy efficiency of energy consumption in buildings. It is shown that equipping buildings for various purposes with real-time energy metering systems with smart meters can be considered a new approach to improving the energy efficiency of buildings. The possibility of using a new innovative technology to analyze energy consumption in buildings and manage it using smart meters with embedded non-intrusive load monitoring applications is considered.

Keywords: smart metering, energy efficiency, disaggregating the load of buildings, non-intrusive load monitoring


EDUCATION AND PERSONNEL TRAINING

On few sociological aspects of economic awareness in Russia
Golov R. S., doctor of Economic sciences, head of the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The article is devoted to the study of the distribution of the audience of the All-Russian educational action “All-Russian economic dictation – 2022” on a wide range of sociological criteria. The study allowed to identify social strata which have the greatest proactivity and motivation in terms of assessing their own economic literacy and further improvement of economic competence. The results obtained by the results of the Economic Dictation 2022 are compared with the corresponding results recorded during the action in 2021.

Keywords: All-Russian Economic Dictation, economic literacy of the population, economic competence, the audience of the dictation, the respondent, sociological criteria


ANALYTICAL RESEARCH

Process digitalization of economic environment in context of regional development of territories
Barinov M. A., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Strategic planning and housing and communal services management Department
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir

Abstract:
The article presents theoretical approaches to the interpretation of the concepts of “digitalization” and “digital economy”. The versatility of the terms and the extensive controversy in the scientific community concerning the effectiveness and methods of evaluation of the categories under consideration indicate the importance and relevance of the study of these terms. Trends in the development of regional systems at the present stage provide for an inextricable correlation of socio-economic and digital environments, which determines the relevance of the study. The aim of the work is to diagnose economic development based on the gross regional product with the definition of the indicator of the stability of the digital space. For this purpose, the methods of system and correlation-regression analysis were used. The result is a criterion analysis of the regions of the Central Federal District, which allows identifying the stability of the digital environment of the territories and factors affecting the gross regional product. The conclusion is made about the influence of CRM, ERP, SCM systems on the development of administrative-territorial entities.

Keywords: system, region, digitalization, development, territory

On dynamics of branch market performance underway towards noonomics (part 3)
Tretyak V. P., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Economics and transport management Department
Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow
Smirnov V. G., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The third part of the article summarizes the indicators characterizing the approach to noonomics, which is illustrated through the modification of the performance of the industry market. This includes fixing the level of development of the dominant technological order, and reducing the plundering consumption of the results of this industry market, and regulating the number of jobs used in this market and, of course, fixing the growth of attracting volunteer labor without calculating remuneration. Based on the changes in the trends of the proposed indicators, it is possible to feel how much a shift is being made towards the separation of human management from the current state towards the dynamic formation of the noosphere.

Keywords: effectiveness of the functioning of the industry market, joint consumption, volunteering, the dominant technological way, labor for hire, free creative work of volunteers, noonomics

Issue 5/2022

OPERATION OF BUSINESS, INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

Introduction of a controlling system at a machine-building enterprise in modern conditions
Permovsky A. A., senior lecturer at the Service technologies and technological education Department
Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University named after Kozma Minin, Nizhny Novgorod
Kuznetsov V. P., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Enterprise economics Department
Nizhny Novgorod State Pedagogical University named after Kozma Minin, Nizhny Novgorod

Abstract:
In this article, the authors determine the relevance of the introduction of a controlling system at a machine-building enterprise. To date, a number of economic and technological problems of the domestic machine-building sector have revealed its weaknesses and identified the need to adapt and improve not only production processes, but also management systems. The state significance of such enterprises is indisputable both for the economy and for national security, therefore, government support measures and benefits for domestic producers are being actively implemented. Considerable support for the activities of machine-building enterprises in conditions of crisis and sanctions can be provided by the use of modern management methods, mechanisms and controlling tools. The application of such innovations will lead to the strengthening of economic indicators, profit maximization, resistance to changing market conditions, which, in turn, will have a favorable impact on the entire domestic engineering industry. The article describes a step-by-step method of introducing the controlling system into the organizational and production activities of the enterprise, and also presents the necessary list of specialists who perform the functions of the controlling system and are responsible for the formation of the entire system as a whole.
Keywords: controlling, stages of implementation, mechanical engineering, management, adaptation

Development of an operational controlling tool to assess the state of the process
Maximov D. O., postgraduate student at the Management and marketing Department
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir
Polzunova N. N., doctor of Economic sciences, head of the Management and marketing Department
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Vladimir

Abstract: The article considers the goals of controlling, examines the modern interpretation of its types by response time, goal setting, measurability. The differences between strategic and operational controlling are studied. Based on the study of available methods and tools of operational controlling, the problem of uncertainty of priority of choice of objectives in the current operational activities are raised. The authors’ system of evaluating the process in terms of its division into basic components (basic resources) and assessing them through the criteria of product and reliability are suggested. The definitions of evaluation criteria are given: authors suggest a method of evaluation to determine the level of basic resource output from the target state necessary to ensure the process. Risks of such method are fixed, the example of split to the basic resources for the process of measurement of electroconductivity is given. The conclusion about expediency of application of this method within the framework of managers’ operational activity is made.

Keywords: controlling, operational controlling, process evaluation, controlling tools, prioritization

The impact of technological changes on human capital management in the organization
Gubanova S. E., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: The article correlates the theory of human capital with the theory of technological structures, describes the features of the impact of technological changes on ensuring the reproduction of human resources, justifies the expediency of shifting the focus from human capital management to human potential development. The components of complex personality development are highlighted, which can become an integral part of the creative development of the organization in the conditions of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Keywords: industrial revolution, technological structure, digital transformation, human capital, human potential, abilities


ENERGY SAVING AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY

World experience in the development of green energy and the beginning of its application in Russia
Pushkarev M. D., postgraduate student at the Business management and service technologies Department
Russian biotechnological university, Moscow
Silakova V. V., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Business management and service technologies Department
Russian biotechnological university, Moscow

Abstract: Russian industry, following the world market, intensities usage of technologies that meet principles of sustainable development. At the same time, the implementation of ESG initiatives doesn’t always mean additional costs. On the contrary, a significant number of green economy approaches are not only environmentally friendly, but also cost-effective. Such technologies include the use of municipal solid waste as an alternative fuel in the cement industry. The method allows simultaneous solving the issues of partial replacement of fossil fuels, waste disposal and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. In Russia, municipal solid waste is currently used as an alternative fuel only at Holcim production facilities.

Keywords: municipal solid waste, green economy, sustainable development, ESG, alternative fuel, cement industry

Implementation of smart metering as a driver of energy efficiency in Russia
Mishuchkov V. I., candidate of Technical sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Koshelev A. S., student
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: The article discusses the issues of modernization of the Russian energy industry through the introduction of intelligent electricity metering based on modern digital technologies in order to increase its energy efficiency and reduce capital and operating costs. The main directions of development and the goals of the introduction of intelligent energy accounting for the involvement of all subjects of the electricity market in this process are determined. The importance of recent changes in the legislation of the Russian Federation in the field of energy to improve the regulatory framework in the field of electricity metering for all levels of electricity supply and energy consumption is noted. It is established that the introduction of smart electricity metering in the Russian energy sector with the help of modern digital technologies will significantly increase the opportunities for the development of modern energy in Russia and its energy efficiency, which is extremely relevant and necessary at the present time.

Keywords: smart metering, smart grid, meter data management

Energy audit as a basis to form a long-term strategy of a company
Latypov E. R., assistant at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Tokareva V. V., ., student
Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow

Abstract: The article analyses significance and the main objectives of the energy survey in the life of an enterprise. There are such stages of the energy survey as preparation for the survey; instrumental survey; analysis of the results of the instrumental survey; development of an energy-saving program.

Keywords: industry, energy saving, energy efficiency improvement, energy intensity, technologies, energy efficient technologies, methodology, energy audit


EDUCATION AND PERSONNEL TRAINING

Evaluation of measures to create technology transfer centers at scientific and educational institutions of higher education
Ulanov D. V., senior lecturer at the Department of Military missions administration of the Ministry of defense of the Russian Federation
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: The Russian Federation must become one of the leading countries of the world in terms of scientific research and development. It is one of the priority goals of the country’s development. A way to implement this goal is to create transfer of technologies under scientific or educational organizations that will allow them to use fully their scientific and technical potential and accelerate the implementation of the results of research developments in the real sector of the economy including the critical areas for the country.
Author assessed the measures carried out by the Russian Ministry of Education and Science on creation of the technology transfer instruments under scientific and educational organizations of higher education in terms of completeness of the implementation of basic indicators established as part of the «Development of large-scale scientific and scientific and technological projects in priority research areas» project in 2021–2022.

Keywords: transfer, technology, science, management, innovation

Formation of priorities for the digital transformation of a university
Zubeeva E. V., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Volokhova S. V., candidate of Pedagogical sciences, associate professor at the Physical education Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Buzinova L. S., senior lecturer at the Physical education Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: This article specifies the guidelines approved by the government for the development of higher education in the Russian Federation. The importance and necessity of digital transformation of higher educational institutions are noted. The main direction of digital transformation is the improvement of educational and management processes. The experience of the Moscow Aviation Institute is described.

Keywords: digital transformation, educational process, management process, electronic document management, survey


ANALYTICAL RESEARCH

On dynamics of branch market performance underway towards noonomics (Part 2)
Tretyak V. P., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Economics and transport management Department
Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow
Smirnov V. G., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: The second part of the article reveals the problem formulated by F. Scherer, regarding the essence of market performance. This is the use of the advantages of science and technology to increase output provided that new products will require fewer resources per unit of the useful effect of the product. It is suggested that on the way to noonomics, the manufacturer’s incentives should be reduced in his desire to save work for the plundering solvent needs of citizens.

Keywords: effectiveness of the functioning of the industry market, the undermining of commodity production, technological patterns, plundering needs, solvent requests, noonomics

Issues of tax regulation in the digital transformation and their solution
Filosofova T. G., Doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Institute of Trade Policy
National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow
Bogolepova E. N., master student at the Institute of Trade Policy
National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow

Abstract: The article considers the main problems of digital transformation. The issues of taxation as an incentive for business development are considered. It is proved that technological progress, the emergence of digital technologies and related new goods and services form new economic relations affect economic processes, lead to changes in the business models of companies, and positive dynamics in attitude of the households to the Internet and consumer loyalty to digital goods and services speak of good prospects for online business in the context of digital transformation. The problems of tax administration in the context of digitalization when using the traditional taxation system are identified, and measures are proposed to eliminate them, the concept of taxation of cross-border online transactions is considered.

Keywords: digital transformation, business models, tax regulation, e-commerce, international cross-border trade

Keywords: effectiveness of the functioning of the industry market, the undermining of commodity production, technological patterns, plundering needs, solvent requests, noonomics
Stable development of Russian industry in contemporary situation
Kostygova L. A., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: The article analyzes the state and defines the prospects for the sustainable development of Russian industry in modern conditions. The factors influencing this process are determined, the potential risks arising as a result of their multidirectional action are studied. The financial tasks suggested by the Bank of Russia are considered, the solution of which will help to stabilize the situation in the near future and significantly improve it in the medium term. Author suggests to improve the financial regulation of sustainable development, to take into account ESG factors, and to monitor the ESG ratings. In the medium term, prudential regulation is envisaged to stimulate sustainable development, as well as the decarbonization tools and the response to climate change.

Keywords: sustainable development, Russian industry, ESG factors, ESG ratings, prudential regulation, tools for decarbonization and response to climate change

Strategic model for the functioning of the national aviation system of Russia in the conditions of sanctions
Khursevich S. N., candidate of Economic sciences, general director (2017–2019)
Joint stock company «Scientific and research institute of parachute design and production» (JSC «NII parachutostroyeniya»), Moscow

Abstract: The introduction of anti-Russian sanctions affected all areas of the functioning of the national aviation system. Cooperation between foreign manufacturers of aviation equipment and Russian airlines on issues of maintaining the airworthiness of aircraft has been terminated. The number of international air lines sharply decreased. There were a lot of organizational, financial and personnel problems. At the same time, the strategic model of the functioning of the national aviation system remained virtually unchanged. For this reason, disproportions are growing and systemic threats are emerging. At the same time, internal reserves are not used. The purpose of this article is to analyze the main contradictions of the current aviation system management strategy, predict possible negative scenarios and suggest options for adjusting the existing strategy.

Keywords: aviation system management strategy, overcoming anti-Russian sanctions, development of general aviation

Review of V. V. Kashirin’s monograph «The strategy of convergence of sciences and technologies in the period of civilizational breakdown: the new economy of the third millennium»

Issue 4/2022

OPERATION OF BUSINESS, INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING

Theoretical background to form sustainable development of an industrial enterprise
Eliseeva E. N., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Economics Department1, associate professor at the Sectoral markets Department2
1 – National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow
2 – Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow

Savinova D. K., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Economics Department1, associate professor at the Sectoral markets Department2
1 – National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow
2 – Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow

Abstract:
The relevance of the research topic is induced by the need to create an effectively functioning industrial enterprise management system based on the formation of a mechanism for its sustainable development aimed at creating favorable conditions for the resumption of the ecological unity of the national economy. The purpose of the article is to analyze the main stages of the formation of a concept of sustainable development of an industrial enterprise. The article discusses the main aspects of the formation of the concept as the basis of the mechanism of sustainable development. The main information flows regulating the features of sustainable development of enterprises are determined. Based on the practical results of the analysis of key indicators of sustainable development, the authors present a rating of metallurgical enterprises.
Keywords: formation of a concept, a concept of sustainable development, information flows, participation in the ecosystem of a region

Prerequisites and features of formation of a list of non-financial indicators of strategic planning of a state corporation and a corporation with state participation
Zaripov R. N., head of the Department for development of advanced methods of organization and management
JSC Organization Agat, Moscow

Abstract: The purpose of this article is to analyze the strategic planning materials of state corporations and corporations with state participation, including the Rostec State Corporation, the Rosatom State Corporation and the PJSC UAC. Within the framework of the article, the mission, the strategic goals and the indicators of these state corporations are considered, the recommendations are given for improving strategic planning mechanisms, which will increase the effectiveness of their application for the purposes of monitoring and analyzing the functioning of these organizations, as well as enable the timely adoption of the necessary management decisions.

Keywords: development strategy, strategic planning, SMART methodology, strategic goals, mission of the organization, indicators of strategic development

Analysis of the possibility of production and operation of aircraft Il-96 and Tu-214 in conditions of hard economic sanctions: problems and prospects
Komonov D. A., senior lecturer at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of the possibility to produce and operate in Russia the aircrafts of domestic design without application of foreign materials, components and spare parts. The impossibility of acquiring foreign materials is associated with severe economic sanctions. Therefore, it is necessary to replace the foreign aggregates with products of our own design and production. The developed aviation equipment after testing is subject to mandatory certification. The necessary measures are being considered to replace foreign equipment with the domestic one, to increase production volumes, to train and retrain both flight personnel and industrial workers.

Keywords: economic sanctions, import substitution, airline, operator, passenger capacity, operational characteristics, medium-haul aircraft, long-haul aircraft, aircraft engine, aviation industry

The impact of digital transformation on the industry choice of dividend policy by corporations
Kovalchuk J. A., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department1, professor at the State and municipal procurement Department2
1 – Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
2- Moscow Metropolitan Governance Yury Luzhkov University, Moscow

Stepnov I. M., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Corporate Finance and Corporate Governance Department
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow

Abstract: The article is devoted to the peculiarities of designing high-tech products using an electronic product layout. Its distinctive features, the potential opportunities that it gives, the key stages of implementation are examined using the example of aviation technology. Due to the fact that the development of an electronic product layout and its management should be carried out in a single information infrastructure environment for both developers and manufacturers, emphasis is placed on the expediency of using specialized computer software and unified electronic procedures supported by an automated product data management system.

Keywords: corporate governance, digital economy, dividend, industry specifics, dividend yield, digital transformation, digital value


ENERGY SAVING AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY

Energy service technologies usage in 4th energy transition conditions
Pushkarev M. D., student
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: Currently, the world community has entered the active phase of the next energy transition, the development of which will require the introduction of new energy-efficient technologies and management approaches. The current, already the fourth, energy transition represents the transformation of the energy system from the use of fossil fuels as the main energy sources to an alternative scheme, which includes not only renewable energy, but, for example, atomic and hydrogen, which allows the use of new energy service technologies.

Keywords: energy transition, energy service, technology, decentralized management, distributed generation

Possible directions for the development of the fuel and energy complex under the conditions of sanctions
Sharkova A. V., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Industrial markets Department
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow

Mikunov A. V., student
Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow

Abstract: After the imposition of sanctions by Western countries, European exports of energy carriers from Russia were at risk. In early June, the EU imposed an embargo on the supply of Russian oil by sea, and also established restrictions on the transshipment of crude oil from Russia from tanker to tanker and through the pipelines. Weak supply diversification and difficulties with the transformation of supply chains require radically new measures from Russia, firstly, developing a strategy for entering new markets with a turn to the East or inland, and secondly, making new structural decisions in the development of its own technologies. The article examines key deterrents and suggests responses. The directions and measures of economic policy in the fuel and energy complex are formulated, and the author’s assessments of the effectiveness of such measures are presented.

Keywords: exporter, sanctions, new realities, set of measures, liquefied natural gas, LNG technologies

Implementation of energy saving principles in public procurement
Kovalchuk J. A., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department1, professor at the State and municipal procurement Department2
1 – Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
2 – Moscow Metropolitan Governance Yury Luzhkov University, Moscow

Abstract: The article presents the results of systematization and directions of inclusion of the energy conservation and energy efficiency principles in the elements of the mechanism of state and municipal procurement. The analysis of Russian and international practices of including public procurement in the implementation of national development programs and strategies, including the solution of energy efficiency problems, is carried out. The main components in the subjects of contracts are identified, for which the state and municipal institutions of different sectors of the economy are the customers. It is established that not only budget savings, but also the implementation of the dominant energy saving in terms of solving technical, economic and socially significant tasks allows us to testify to the effects of improving public procurement management and the development of energy, the construction industry and various industries.

Keywords: energy saving, energy efficiency, public procurement, business responsibility, new construction, building’s reconstruction, energy-efficient devices


EDUCATION AND PERSONNEL TRAINING

Analysis of the 5th All-Russian Economic Dictation outcome (Part 4)
Golov R. S., doctor of Economic sciences, head of the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: The article considers the results of the 5th All-Russian Economic Dictation, which is held annually in order to determine and increase the economic literacy level in Russia. Comparative analysis of quantitative and qualitative indicators of composition of participants and dictation results in 2021 and 2020 was carried out. Of particular interest is the analysis of the dictation indicators dynamics change during the period from 2017 to 2021. The important practical result of the campaign and the need for its further development are noted.

Keywords: All-Russian economic dictation, respondent, participants category, population distribution, literacy, economic activity ratings, economic literacy rating

Lean manufacturing to higher school, higher school to lean manufacturing
Mezina N. A., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow
Shakin A. D., student
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: The purpose of this article is to explore and understand how the tools and principles of the lean manufacturing philosophy can be applied to improve the efficiency of engineering education by providing competitive educational services while reducing costs. The methods of training engineering personnel capable of working in the dynamic conditions of modern lean production due to the development of interdisciplinary knowledge, skills and abilities, are considered. The interrelation and interdependence between the philosophy of lean manufacturing and engineering education are analyzed from the perspective of the advantages that modern enterprises can get and how the use of lean manufacturing tools and principles can improve the system of engineering education.

Keywords: lean manufacturing, effective engineering education, integration, competencies

Formation of communicative competence in the process of professional training of students of technical and economical fields
Solodova A. D., senior lecturer at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: The competence-oriented approach in education forms a modern specialist and is the basis for a new model of a higher school graduate. Communicative competence is a professionally significant characteristic of a young specialists in all areas of training. It helps to build effective industrial relations at all levels.
Communicative competence is an integral part of the broader concept of “the communicative potential of a specialist”; however, formation of communicative competence among students often occurs on the basis of everyday communication (in such communication there is no mastery of professional and spiritual values, personality development).
In the second decade of the XXI century, the concept of “skills” has replaced “competencies”. Communicative competence is referred to as soft skills, that is, supra-professional skills that help to solve life problems and work with other people. This research paper reflects the importance of the development of students’ communicative competence and outlines the basic aspects of the formation of soft skills among students in higher education in technical and economic fields.

Keywords: communicative competence, professional education, professional competencies, soft skills, hard skills, training of personnel

On dynamics of branch market performance underway towards noonomics. Part 1
Tretyak V. P., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Economics and transport management Department
Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow
Smirnov V. G., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract: This article is devoted to the consideration of the modification of ideas about the effectiveness of the industry market on the way to noonomics. The latter is formed during the transition to the noosphere. In the first part of the article, an approach to understanding of the industry market functioning performance (in the interpretation of F. Scherer) is formulated, and one of the tasks formulated by F. Scherer is considered, namely that the manufacturers should be effective. The authors substantiate the hypothesis that any new production should focus on the future dominant technological order.

Keywords: performance of the functioning of the industry market, disruption of commodity production, tenor of technology, forced labor, hired labor, free creative work of volunteers, noonomics

Monitoring the impact of the machine-building complex on the quality of life
Vasilenko M. A., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Economic and social theory Department
Rostov State Medical University, Rostov-on-Don
Kuzina E. L., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Quality management Department
Russian University of Transport (MIIT), Moscow
Tagiltseva J. A., candidate of Economic sciences, associate professor at the Customs operations and customs control Department
Rostov branch of Russian Customs Academy, Rostov-on-Don

Abstract: The negative impact on the environment of all types of mechanical engineering enterprises and their infrastructure is expressed particularly by significant environmental pollution. At present time, air, water, soil, biosphere, hydrosphere, noise, radioactive and thermal pollution is the biggest problem, since it entails a threat to the environment, people, plants, animals and all living organisms. The article describes the principles of functioning and ecological consequences of anthropogenic impact of mechanical engineering on the environment and human health. The regions with the maximum relative increase in emissions of harmful substances of machine-building enterprises are considered. The emissions of machine-building enterprises into the atmosphere are presented. A comparative characteristic of the main exhaust gas emissions by the industries of mechanical engineering in 2021 is given, the damage from their impact on the environment is analyzed. An algorithm for assessing the environmental risk of a machine-building complex is presented. Priority environmental protection directions of development of machine-building enterprises are revealed.

Keywords: anthropogenic factors, pollution, environment, risks, mechanical engineering, emissions

Transformation of machine building against global challenges
Kostygova L. A., doctor of Economic sciences, professor at the Management and marketing of high-tech industries Department
Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University), Moscow

Abstract:
The global challenges of our time determine the need for accelerated transformation of mechanical engineering as a basic branch of Russian industry. The article considers the main directions of development of the machine-building complex in modern conditions, namely: accelerated import substitution; transition to domestic equipment; parallel import as a tool for solving tactical tasks; formation of new logistics chains focused on interaction with companies of friendly countries, creation of joint ecosystems; creation of complete highly profitable chains for the development, marketing, production, sales, service of machine-building complex products; the use of innovative approaches throughout the cycle of development, production, sale of machine-building products; digitalization as an essential element of accelerating transformations and ensuring high competitiveness of the industry. The fundamental importance of digitalization in the transformation of the industry is concluded.

Keywords: directions of mechanical engineering transformation, global challenges